J Pure Appl Microbiol | Review Article | Volume 13, Issue 1 | Article Number: 5302
Calderón Rodríguez Nelly Patricia1, Jerez Pacheco Yary Zulay1, Ruvalcaba Ledezma Jesús Carlos2, Chavarría Miranda Alejandra3, Jiménez Sánchez Reyna Cristina4 and Reynoso Vázquez Josefina5*
2Department of Medicine, Master in Public Health and PhD. In Foods Sciences an Human Health in [ICSa-UAEH].
3Department of Public Health [Instituto Elise Freinet] and [SSH] Health Services of Hidalgo, Pachuca, Mexico.
4Department of Nursing in [ICSa-UAEH].
5Department of Pharmacy and Master in Public Health [ICSa-UAEH] Institute of Health Sciences-Autonomous University of the State of Hidalgo, Pachuca, Mexico.
Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received:30/09/2018| Accepted: 10/11/2018 |Published: 08/03/2019
Measles is a contagious disease, preventable by vaccination, of great importance for public health and its impact on the morbidity and mortality of the population; particularly in America where there continue to be cases in unvaccinated persons, after having been declared in 2002 by the WHO as a region free of this disease. To examine the epidemiological panorama of measles and the influence that anti-vaccinal movements have had on the elimination of the virus, through a bibliographic review to specify why this is a re-emerging disease. A systematic review was made in the SciELO database, Redalyc, EBSCO, PubMed. The incorporation of the vaccine for measles reduced the morbidity and mortality caused by this disease, Yet factors such as antivaccine movements have always contribututed to cases in regions where the disease was considered eradicated. Antivaccination movement are associations of people who oppose vaccination for different reasons, which represent one of the factors that prevent diseases such as measles from being eradicated from the population.
Measles, reemerging, vaccine, anti-vaccine movement.
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