ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Hassan A. Tamur1 , Haider Jawad Al-Janabi2, Jawad K. Abood Al-Janabi2 ,Liqaa Y. Mohsin3, Zahraa A.N. Al-Yassiry3
1Genetic Engineering Department, Biotechniques College, Green University of Al Qasim, Iraq.
2Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq.
3Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Iraq.
J Pure Appl Microbiol, 2019, 13 (3): 1525-1536 | Article Number: 5684
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.13.3.24 | © The Author(s). 2019
Received: 28/06/2019 | Accepted: 04/09/2019 | Published: 25/09/2019
Abstract

The genus Marasmius is distributed worldwide, along with a precise identification of this fungus as a pathogen on the Imperata cylindrical plant, although its bioactive role is not well understood. The current work was designed to examine the population of Marasmius palmivorus and its antagonistic patterns. Sequencing the ITS genetic region of this fungus occurs through verifying the cladistics nature, and taxonomic validity, in addition to studying the antagonistic potential of this fungus. M. palmivorus (MG717877.1) was recorded in this plant, which represents a new finding in Iraq mycobiota. Data from the sequence alignment were used to plot a phylogenetic tree, using the Neighbor-Joining method (NJ) in molecular evolutionary genetics analysis based on Mega 7. Phylogenetic trees show a close relationship of 99% between this strain of M. palmivorus (MG717877.1) and international strains.  On the other hand, the maximum antagonistic effect of M. palmivorus has been found to act against Fusarium solani and F. thapsinum, and to a lesser degree against Penicillium sp., T. harzianum, and P. cyclopium after 6 to 8 days of incubation. Results confirm the precise nomination of this taxon is M. palmivorus, which may act as a bioherbicidal and could be used as bioagent against various phytopathogenic fungi.

Keywords

Marasmius palmivorus, Phylogenetic structure, Antagonism.

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© The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.