Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 3

In vitro Antagonistic Activity of Trichoderma Isolates against Phytopathogenic Fungi Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Sacc.)

S. Shalini Devi1, Y. Sreenivasulu and K.V. Bhaskara Rao

1Environmental Biotechnology Division, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, TN - 632 014, India.
2Department of Plant Pathology, Citrus Research Station, YSR Horticultural University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Received on 11 April 2015 and accepted on 16 June 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Fusarium wilt in tomato caused by Fusarium oxysporum is one of the intericate diseases. In this study, 12 native Trichoderma isolates (WT1-WT12) were isolated from different agricultural lands in Rayalaseema region of A.P, India and were tested for antagonistic activity against F. oxysporum using dual culture method. Among the 12 isolates maximum inhibition activity was shown by the isolate WT2 (78.4%) compared to the control. The 12 isolates of Trichoderma were subjected to protein profiling by SDS-PAGE which showed that all the isolates varied in terms of production of proteins. Further all the Trichoderma isolates were screened for the production of different enzymes like lipase, protease and amylase. Quantitative assays were also conducted to estimate the amounts of cell wall degrading enzymes such as chitinase, ?-1,3 glucanase and protease. The plate assay results were consistent with the results observed in the quantitative biochemical assays performed. Natural isolate variability in enzyme levels was significant. Isolate WT2 was observed to be the most promising candidate in terms of levels of enzyme production as well as inhibition of Fusarium oxysporum. Studies on isolate variability could be rationally used to select isolates towards production of improved bio-fungicides.

Keywords : Trichoderma, lytic enzymes, biocontrol, Tomato.