Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 3

Lycium barbarum Formula Biotransformed by Rhodopseudomonas palustris Promoted Lead Removing and Anti-Oxidative Damage in Lead-Susceptible Tissues of Lead-Exposed Mice

Wenting Du1a, Lei Bi1a, Ziying Geng1, Guan’e Yang1*, Qingshan Li1 and Zhaoming Zhang2

1Department of Pharmacy, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, Shanxi, China. 2College of Life Science and Technology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, Shanxi, China.

Received on 11 May 2015 and accepted on 13 June 2015

 

ABSTRACT

We aimed to study the lead-reducing effect of Lycium barbarum formula biotransformed by Rhodopseudomonas palustris (LFBR) comparing to other lead-removing preparations and preliminarily inferred lead-removing mechanism of LFBR. The lead-reducing effect was investigated via tissue distribution level examination based on the method of graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer (GFAAS). Results demonstrated LFBR could effectively reduce lead distribution levels of livers, kidneys, thighbones, brains, heart in mice and protect lead-susceptible tissues against lead poisoning in vivo. LFBR also could prevent the reduction of the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) and reduced glutathione (GSH) in lead-susceptible tissues and indirectly protect these tissues from lead-induced oxidative damage. We found that low LFBR group and high LFBR group exerted the relatively better lead-reducing effect and anti-oxidative damage than mean LFBR group which indicated that the lead removing capacity of LFBR was not based on a linear dose-response manner. In addition, results showed tissue distribution of microelements in mice treated with LFBR had no significant difference with that in mice treated with distilled water. LFBR effectively promoted lead removing and anti-oxidative damage in lead-susceptible tissues of lead-exposed mice but not affected the absorption and distribution of microelements.

Keywords : Lycium barbarum, Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Lead, Biotransformation, Toxicity.