Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 3

Microsatellite Markers Variation and Seed Oil Composition of Some Safflower Genotypes Differing in Salt Tolerance

Somayeh Karimi*, Ghodratollah Saeidi, Ahmad Arzani, Hajar Amini and Foroozan Bahrami

Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan - 84156–83111, Iran.

Received on 27 April 2015 and accepted on 06 June 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Genetic variation of some safflower genotypes differing in salinity tolerance were analyzed using microsatellite markers, seed oil, and fatty acid composition. Molecular analysis revealed high polymorphism among the genotypes. Cluster analyses based on the Jaccard’s similarity coefficient separated the safflower genotypes into two distinct groups and the physiological characters of these two groups were significantly different under salt stress conditions. Analysis of variance for seed oil content and fatty acid composition revealed significant differences among the genotypes. The salinity tolerant genotype, PI-506426, had the highest seed oil content and percentage of linoleic acid in its oil. These results indicated that high genetic variation observed among safflower genotypes could be useful for improving the salinity tolerance of safflower genotypes with high quantity and quality of seed oil. The potential of the microsatellite markers for marker assisted selection could be tested by intercrossing the genotypes from diverse groups separated by microsatellite data with different salinity tolerance ability.

Keywords : Carthamus tinctorius L., Fatty acid composition, Genetic diversity, Safflower, Salinity, SSR markers.