Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 3

Establishment and Application of the Method of Molecular Diagnostic of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea

Hailli Li, Limin Lang, Wenqiang Jiao, Wenhao Zhu, Keling Wang* and Zhaoxue Xu

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Research Institute, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Room # 605, 116# Huayuan Road, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450002, China.

Received on 06 April 2015 and accepted on 19 August 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) is caused by porcine epidemic diarrhea virus in pigs, which is a highly contagious enteric disease with vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite and of all ages can be susceptible to this disease. The current diagnosis of PED was immune electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, indirect hemagglutination test, ELISA, RT-PCR, neutralization test. With the development of molecular biology, the method of ELISA and RT-PCR are specific diagnostic methods for detecting PED and currently the most widely used. The biggest advantage of ELISA method is can directly check PEDV antigen from feces, and can also be used for the detection of PED antibody. TR-PCR has good sensitivity and specificity. In this study, according to the PED virus genome database sequences of S gene nucleotide sequence specific amplification, a pair of primers were designed, through optimizing concentration of primers and the template concentration and PCR amplification conditions, determine the optimum conditions for optimal RT-PCR system: primer concentration: 1.0-1.2mol/L, MgCl2: 2mmol/L annealing temperature of 56!. The best cycle condition: 95! 3min, 94! 30S, 56! 30S, 72! 1min, 35 cycles, the last 72! 10min. This study provides a simple method for the clinical diagnosis of PED, can be measured in 6 hours, can be used for the diagnosis and epidemiological survey of PED.

Keywords : Porcine epidemic diarrhea, RT-PCR, Molecular diagnosis.