Compliance with Ethical Requirements
Conflicts of Interest
Conflicts may be academic, commercial, financial, or personal. Financial interests may include employment, research funding, patents, stock or share ownership, consultancies, nonfinancial support.
Authors must declare all such interests in writing upon submission of a manuscript. This conflict declaration includes conflicts or potential conflicts of all listed authors. In cases of doubt, the circumstance should be disclosed so that the editors may assess its significance. If any conflicts are declared, Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology will publish them with the manuscript.