Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 2

Pseudomonas fluorescens Modulate In-vitro lytic Enzyme Production and Inhibit the Growth of Collar Rot Pathogen (Aspergillus niger) in Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Shubham B. Deshmukh1*, Sujit K. Bishi2 and Dinesh N. Vakharia1

1 Department of Biochemistry, College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, India. 2Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagadh, 362 001, Gujarat, India.

Received on 06 February 2015 and accepted on 15 March 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Collar rot of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is caused by Aspergillus niger (A. niger). Ten different isolates of Pseudomonas fluorescens (Pf-1 to Pf-10) were screened for their biocontrol potential against the A. niger evaluated through their potential to produce the lytic enzymes during in-vitro antagonism. Among the ten isolates, Pf-3 exhibited highest in-vitro growth inhibition (78.88%) of A. niger followed by Pf-9 (64.52%) and Pf-5 (62.30%). The culture media containing Pf-3 isolates along with A. niger had higher activities of chitinase and ?-1,3-glucanase and lower activities of cell wall degrading enzymes such as cellulase and polygalacturonase compared to the other tested isolates. A significant positive association (p = 0.05) between percentage growth inhibition of A. niger and specific activity of chitinase was observed where as no association could be established for ?-1,3-glucanase. However a negative association was established between percentage growth inhibition of A. niger and specific activity of polygalacturonase and cellulase. From the findings of the present study, it may be concluded that Pf-3 could be the best biocontrol agent against A. niger, the collar rot causing pathogen in groundnut.

Keywords : Growth inhibition, in-vitro antagonism, lytic enzymes, correlation.