Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 2

Purification of Protease Inhibitor Protein from Pigeonpea Seeds and its Insecticidal Potential against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner)

Mukesh Kumar1*, Vinay Kumar2, Rekha Kansal3, P. S. Srivastava4 and K.R. Koundal3

1Department of Biotechnology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Modipuram, Meerut (U.P.) - India. 2National Institute of Biotic Stress Management, Raipur (Chhattisgarh), India. 3National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, PusaNew Delhi, India. 4Department of Biotechnology, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India.

Received on 20 January 2015 and accepted on 10 March 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Protease Inhibitors in legumes are one of the most promising weapons that confer resistance against insects by inhibiting proteases present in the gut of larvae. In this study, the Protease Inhibitor (PI) protein was isolated from defatted meal of four varieties of pigeonpea and the crude extract was precipitated using ammonium sulphate precipitation. It was found that the ammonium sulphate fraction 40-80% of the variety Pusa-33 has higher PI activity and was further purified using ion-exchange chromatography and gel-filtration. The purified Pigeonpea Protease Inhibitor (PPI) proteins form Pusa-33 showed a single band on SDS-PAGE corresponding to molecular mass of 26,000 D and molecular weight of PPI was also confirmed as 26 kD by gel filtration chromatography. The toxicity of PPI protein was evaluated by incorporation in to semi synthetic diet at three levels of treatments and the larvae of pod borer Helicoverpa armigera were fed on these diets. It was found that the PPI protein reduced the mean larval weight at molting due to partial starvation. Feeding trial revealed the larvae mortality up to 46%and extension of larval period by 12 days. The PPI protein also affected the molting and pupal weight significantly. Mean fecal output by the larval fed on PPI protein diet was significantly low as compared to control. It may be concluded from the study that pigeonpea protease inhibitor protein has insecticidal potential against the Helicoverpa armigera and could be used for insect control.

Keywords : Pigeonpea, Protease Inhibitor Protein, Ion exchange chromatography, pod borer and Helicoverpa armigera.