Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 2

Mechanisms of Plant Growth Promotion by Rhizobacteria

Preeti Saini1*, Veena Khanna2 and Madhurama Gangwar1

Department of Microbiology1, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics1, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

Received on 20 December 2014 and accepted on 27 January 2015

 

ABSTRACT

The principal goal of agriculture is the production of high quality, safe and affordable food for an ever-increasing population worldwide. Furthermore, agricultural growers and producers have the additional constraints of economic profitability and sustainability. Looking at the negative environmental impact of chemical fertilizers, the use of beneficial soil microorganisms for sustainable and safe agriculture has increased globally during the last couple of decades. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are naturally occurring soil bacteria that assertively colonize plant roots and benefit plants by providing growth factors. Stress-relieving and antagonistic rhizobacteria might be useful in formulating new inoculants with combinations of different mechanisms of action, leading to a competent use for biocontrol strategies to improve cropping systems.

Keywords : PGPR, Siderophore, P-solubilization, N-fixation, ACC-deaminase.