Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 2

Chemical Composition, Mineral Profile and Antimicrobial Activity of Stachys parviflora and Calotropis procera

Samin Jan1, Hamayun Khan2, Muhammad Hamayun3, Asif Mehmood1, Nadeem Ahmad4 and In-Jung Lee5*

1Department of Botany, Islamia College University, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan. 2Department of Chemistry, Islamia College University, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan. 3Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan. 4Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan. 5School of Applied Biosciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, South Korea.

Received on 28 January 2015 and accepted on 03 April 2015

 

ABSTRACT

In the present study, two medicinally important plants, namely Stachys parviflora and Calotropis procera were explored for their chemical composition, mineral profile and antimicrobial activity. For this purpose, the selected plans were collected from their natural habitat and their various parts (roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds) were analyzed for moisture, ash, fibre, fat, protein and carbohydrate contents. The results showed that both the plants were nutritionally rich with good computed energy. Regarding the mineral analysis, sufficient amount of essentials macro- (Na, K, Ca, Mg and P) and micro- (Fe, Zn, and Cu) mineral were found in all parts of the plants. Both the plants accumulate variable quantities of these elements which can provide a part of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA). The antimicrobial activity of the aqueous, ethanol, ethyl acetate and n-hexane extracts of both the plants exhibited quantifiable inhibitory effect against the pathogenic six bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus atrophaeus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi and a fungal strain (Candida albicans). Based on the results obtained, the studied plants were found to be a potential source of food diet with natural minerals and good antimicrobial activity.

Keywords : Antimicrobial activity, Chemical composition, Mineral profile, Stachys parviflora, Calotropis procera.