Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 1

Distribution of Obesity among Male in Aljouf Population, Saudi Arabia

Meshref Alruwaili1, Ismail Hamad1,2 and Samy Selim1,3*

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Science, Aljouf University, Sakaka, P.O. 2014, Saudi Arabia. 2Biochemistry Department, Bahri University Khartoum 1660 Sudan 3Microbiology and Botany Department,Faculty of Science, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, P.O. 41522, Egypt.

Received on 10 September 2014 and accepted on 20 November 2014

 

ABSTRACT

This is a study of the pattern of distribution of body mass index and prevalence of overweight and obesity among the population of male at Saudi Arabia. Also the principal aim of this study is to investigate and compare the gut microbiota composition in obese and lean persons. It is a cross-sectional population-based national epidemiological randomized survey. There were 300 Saudi subjects, over the age of 15 years. Height and weight were measured for all study population. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. WHO criteria was used for definition of overweight and obesity. The obesity/overweight (ob/ow) ratio was used to study the relation between prevalence of overweight and obesity. The data on the 300 subjects according to body mass index (BMI) and cholesterol. It shows the number of subjects with a normal body mass index (<25/124), overweight (25- 29.9/78) and obesity (>30/98). Faecal samples were collected and subjected to selective plating and quantitative in order to determine the concentrations of bacterial species. In this study, important compositional differences in the faecal gut microbiota of obese and lean were revealed. Underlying factors such as lifestyle, nutritional habits, social and cultural beliefs and habits in different regions need to be studied. There is a need to establish a national control program for combating obesity and related complications.

Keywords : Obesity, Gut Microbiota, Al Jouf Province, KSA.