Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 1

Decolorization of Methylene Blue using Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized from Endophytic Fungus

Hashem Al-Sheikh1 and Ramy S. Yehia1,2

1Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, King Faisal University, Al-Hassa 31982, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt.

Received on 06 April 2014 and accepted on 19 August 2014

 

ABSTRACT

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been synthesized and characterized in the current study, and evaluated in terms of their use for the decolorization of methylene blue dye. AgNPs were successfully prepared using a green chemistry process from isolated endophytic fungus. Nine fungal endophytes were isolated from the leaves of Ocimum balilicumL. The four major isolates of Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., Cladosporium sp., and Alternaria sp. were tested for the extracellular synthesis of AgNPs. The formation of AgNPs was initially observed as a change in color and was subsequently confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, which showed a characteristic absorption peak for silver at 420 nm. Aspergillus sp. was determined to be the most potent producer of AgNPs and was subjected to further characterization. Transmission electron microscopy studies showed that the AgNPs were 4?15 nm in size. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the crystalline pattern of the AgNPs. Based on the sequences of the ribosomal DNA, internal transcribed spacer regions, the major endophytic species was identified as Aspergillusnigerand the sequence data were submitted to the GenBank [GenBank: LC009511.1]. Further analysis showed that AgNPs efficiently decolorized methylene blue dye up to 96% within 72 h of incubation. AgNPs could therefore be used as highly economical agents for the rapid removal of dye-based pollutants from the environment and could also be used for the control of other reducible contaminants.

Keywords : Endopytic fungi; Silver nanoparticles; Biosynthesis; Dye decolorization.