Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 1

Seasonal Variation Investigations on Diversity of Some Freshwater Diatoms of Kumaon Region, Uttarakhand State in India

Rajveer Singh Chauhan1*, Bharti Singh2, Deepmala Katiyar3 and P.K. Misra1

1Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India 2Department of Microbiology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. 3Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Received on 18 November 2014 and accepted on 12 December 2014

 

ABSTRACT

The aims of present studies is to document species of diatoms in water bodies of Kumaon Himalayas and the effect of seasonal variations on population and community dynamics of these microscopic photosynthesizers in aquatic ecosystems. Our studies have documented a total of 98 taxa belonging to class Bacillariophyceae Coscinodiscophyceae and Fragilariophyceae. The taxa have been described along with morphotaxonomic status, locality, and collection number and with date of collection. The maximum taxa have been reported from class Bacillariophyceae (19 genera and 69 species) followed by class Fragilariophyceae (4 genera and 10 species) and Coscinodiscophyceae (3 genera and 4 species). During this study it has been observed that some genera of diatoms dominate in winter season while others in summers. Diatoma De Candolle, Sellaphora Mereschkowsky, Rhopalodia Muller, Staurosira Ehrenberg, Gomphonema C.A. Agardh, Cymbella C.A. Agardh, Reimeria Kociolek and Stoermer, Brachysira Kuetzing, Navicula Bory; emend. Cleve, Surirella Turpin, and Fragilaria Lyngbye; Rabenhorst have frequently been found during summers while Cyclotella Kuetzing, Aulacoseira Thwaites, Cocconeis Ehrenberg; Grunow, Epithemia Brebisson, Synedra Ehrenberg, Achnanthes Bory, Gyrosigma Hassall emend. Cleve and Amphora Ehrenberg dominate in winters. The study will help us to understand the diversity of diatoms in the Kumaon region: It will help us to document the magnitude of biodiversity, understand the population and community dynamics and seasonal variation of phytoplankton. The study may also help us to understand the effect of changing environment on aquatic ecosystems.

Keywords : Bacillariophyceae, Coscinodiscophyceae, Fragilariophyceae, Diatoms, freshwater, Kumaon region