Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 1

Antioxidant Activity In vitro of Endophytic Fungi from Myricaria laxiflora, A Riparian Plant with Strong Tolerance Ability of Flooding

Wen Zeng1, Wanggege Qin1, Wei Tian1, Yanhong Xue1, Guangxi Wang2 and Shiping Liu1*

1Hubei Key Lab of Natural Products Research & Development, College of Life Science and Pharmacy, Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, P. R. China. 2College of Agriculture, Meijo University, Tempaku, Nagoya, 68-8502, Japan.

Received on 06 December 2014 and accepted on 10 January 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Endophytic fungi are considered as an important source of antioxidants. In order to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of 163 endophytic fungi from Myricaria laxiflora, a plant grows under flooding and other oxidative stress, we analyzed the total antioxidant capacity in vitro. The screening results showed that the antioxidant activity of endophytes from different tissues differ according to before- or after- flooding stress of the host, under aerobic or anaerobic isolating condition. Although the endophytes from stems were more than other tissues, antioxidant activity was always the lowest. In contrast, endophytic fungi from leaves were fewer, whereas relatively high and stable antioxidant activity was presented. After flooding, the antioxidant activity of endophytic fungi from stems was significantly greater than before, whereas the leaves were just the reverse. In addition, oxygen content when strains isolated had also a significant impact in antioxidant activity, while the effects could be zero, positive, or negative as for different types of tissue. Overall, Aspergillus, Alternaria, Penicillium, Trametes and Rhizopus have a relatively higher antioxidant activity than other genus in Myricaria laxiflora. Particularly, Aspergillus was not only the most abundant but also the most active antioxidant genus. Among the endophytes, phenolics could be an important factor resulted in high antioxidant activity.

Keywords : Myricaria laxiflora, endophytic fungi, antioxidant capacity, flooding, Aspergillus.