Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 1

Biological and Ecological Characteristics of Fungi Affecting Seeds of Grain Crops

Zhanna Tubekbaevna Abdrassulova1, Zhenis Zhunisbekovna Kuzhantaeva1, Abigail Sophia Newsome2, Nurdana Nurtaevna Salybekova3 and Gulmira Zhusupovna Turmetova4

1Kazakh State Women?s Teacher Training University, Kazakhstan,050000, Almaty, Aiteke bi Street, 99 2Mississippi Valley State University, USA, 14000 Highway 82 West Itta Bena 3Kazakh State Women?s Teacher Training University, Kazakhstan,050000, Almaty, Aiteke bi Street, 99 4A.Yassawe International Kazakh-Turkish University, Kazakhstan,161200, Turkistan, BekzatSattarkhanov Av. 29.

Received on 14 December 2014 and accepted on 03 March 2015

 

ABSTRACT

The article deals with materials of scientific research on morphological and molecular and genetic identification of fungi affecting the seeds of grain crops.The focus is on the fungi growing in the grain stored.The seeds of grain crops (Triticum aestivum L., Avena sativa L., Hordeum vulgare L., Zea mays L., Oryza sativa L.) were sampled from granaries of five districts (Talgar, Ili, Karasai, Panfilov and Zhambyl districts) of Almaty Region. The disease agents of fungus etiologyof generaof Ustilago, Clodosporium, Verticillium, Diplodia, Macrosporium, Alternaria, Helminthosporium, Fusarium, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Mucor were identified, whichaffect safety, quality and safety of grain.

Keywords : b-tubulin, fungi, grain crops,identification, ITS, morphology, seed.